drm inglorious maintainer script

Author:Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
Author:Jani Nikula <jani.nikula@intel.com>
Copyright:2012-2016 Intel Corporation
Manual section:1
Manual group:maintainer tools


dim [option …] command


dim is the Linux kernel drm subsystem maintainer script, used to maintain the drm-intel and drm-misc git repositories.

This man page is a command-line reference for the tool only; for more comprehensive documentation, including a getting started guide, see https://drm.pages.freedesktop.org/maintainer-tools/, or the same in source form at https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/drm/maintainer-tools.


-f Ignore some error conditions.
-d Dry run.
-i Interactive mode.


The commands are grouped by target audiences and functionality below. Many of the commands have default aliases. See dim list-aliases for the list of aliases.


These commands can all be run without a full dim setup.

tc commit-ish

Print the oldest Linux kernel release or -rc tag that contains the supplied commit-ish, or, if none do, print the upstream branches that contain it.

cite commit-ish

Cite the supplied commit-ish in format ‘sha1 (“commit subject”)’.

fixes commit-ish

Print the Fixes: and Cc: lines for the supplied commit-ish in the linux kernel CodingStyle approved format.

checkpatch [commit-ish [.. commit-ish]] [profile]

Runs the given commit range commit-ish..commit-ish through the check tools.

If no commit-ish is passed, defaults to HEAD^..HEAD. If one commit-ish is passed instead of a range, the range commit-ish..HEAD is used.

If profile is given, uses specific options for checkpatch error filtering. Current profiles are “default”, “branch”, “drm-intel”, and “drm-misc”. The “branch” profile maps the current git branch to the appropriate profile, or if the branch is not known, to “default”.

sparse [–fast] [commit-ish [.. commit-ish]]

Run sparse for each commit in the given commit range.

If no commit-ish is passed, defaults to HEAD^..HEAD. If one commit-ish is passed instead of a range, the range commit-ish..HEAD is used.

If –fast is passed we treat the whole range as a single change.


Run sparse on drm/i915.

retip [branch] [git-rebase option …]

Rebase the given local branch, current branch by default, onto drm-tip. Options after the branch will be passed to git-rebase.

range-diff [ commit-ish ] [ git-range-diff options ]

Convenience wrapper around the git range-diff command which automatically compares against HEAD if you only specify a commit-ish. In all other cases forwards to git range-diff. Defaults to @{1}, which is very useful for reviewing rebases. Additional options after the commit-ish will be passed to git-range-diff. Anything that can’t be parsed as a commit-ish will also be forward in its entirety.


setup prefix

Setup git maintainer branches in the given prefix.


Updates all maintainer branches. Useful to synchronize all branches when other maintainers and committers pushed patches meanwhile.


Changes the working directory into the git repository used by the last previous branch-specific command. This is implemented as a bash-function to make it useful in interactive shells and scripts. Only available when the bash completion is sourced.

checkout branch

Checks out the named branch.




checkout shorthands for drm-intel-fixes, drm-intel-next-fixes, and drm-intel-next branches respectively.

apply-branch branch [git am arguments]

Applys a patch to the given branch, complaining if it is not checked out yet.

apply-fixes [git am arguments]

apply-next-fixes [git am arguments]

apply-queued [git am arguments]

apply-branch shorthands for drm-intel-fixes, drm-intel-next-fixes, and drm-intel-next branches respectively.

apply [git am arguments]

apply-branch shorthand for the current branch.

commit-add-tag string […]

Append each argument at the end of the commit message of HEAD.

extract-tags branch [git-rangeish]

This extracts various tags (e.g. Reviewed-by:) from emails and applies them to the top commit on the given branch. You can give the command a rangeish to add the tags from the same email to multiple already applied patches.

extract-fixes [git-rangeish]

extract-next-fixes [git-rangeish]

extract-queued [git-rangeish]

extract-tags shorthands for drm-intel-fixes, drm-intel-next-fixes, and drm-intel-next branches respectively.

push-branch branch [git push arguments]

Updates the named branch. Complains if that’s not the current branch, assuming that patches got merged to the wrong branch. After pushing also updates linux-next and drm-tip branches.

push-fixes [git push arguments]

push-next-fixes [git push arguments]

push-queued [git push arguments]

push-branch shorthands for drm-intel-fixes, drm-intel-next-fixes, and drm-intel-next branches respectively.

push [git push arguments]

push-branch shorthand for the current branch.

rebuild-tip [local_branch]

Rebuild and push the integration tree. In dry-run mode/-d the branch is rebuilt without pushing and it’s possible to use one local branch as argument to check if merging that branch creates conflicts.


cat-to-fixup [branch]

Pipes stdin into the fixup patch file for the current drm-tip merge. A branch can be explicitly specified to fix up a non-conflicting tree that fails to build.

magic-patch [-a]

Apply a patch using patch and then wiggle in any conflicts. When passing the option -a automatically changes the working directory into the git repository used by the last previous branch-specific command. This is useful with the per-branch workdir model.


Adds all maintainers from scripts/get_maintainer.pl as cc’s to the topmost commit. Any duplicates by name or email will be removed, so this can be used with git rebase –exec “dim add-missing-cc” to add cc’s for an entire patch series that affect multiple drivers each with different maintainers.


Tries to resolve a rebase conflict by first resetting the tree and then using the magic patch tool. Then builds the tree, adds any changes with git add -u and continues the rebase.


Compile-test the current tree and if successful resolve a conflicted git am. Also runs the patch checker afterwards. This fails to add the Link: tag, so you’ll need to add it manually or use the add-link subcommand.

create-branch repo/branch [commit-ish]

Create a new topic branch in the given repo named branch. The branch starts at HEAD or the given commit-ish. Note that topic/ is not automatically added to the branch name. Branch names should be unique across repos.

remove-branch branch

Remove the given topic branch.

create-workdir (branch | all)

Create a separate workdir for the branch with the given name, or for all branches if “all” is given.

for-each-workdir command

Run the given command in all active workdirs including the main linux kernel repository under $DIM_REPO.

update-driver-date prefix file

Update the the DRIVER_DATE and DRIVER_TIMESTAMP macros in file to match current date and time, and commit the change using given subject prefix.


update-driver-date shorthand for i915.


cherry-pick commit-ish [git cherry-pick arguments]

Improved git cherry-pick version which also scans drm-tip for additional cherry-pick candidates. In dry-run mode/-d only the patch list is generated.



Look for non-upstreamed fixes (commits tagged Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org or Cc: drm-intel-fixes@lists.freedesktop.org) in drm-intel-next, and try to cherry-pick them to drm-intel-fixes or drm-intel-next-fixes. These commands use dim cherry-pick internally to make sure bugfixes for fixes are cherry-picked too.


Lists all branches with unmerged patches, and how many patches are unmerged. It will show how the overall subsystem tree looks like and where patches waiting to be merged have been added, in order to help maintainers with deciding which tree is in need of a pull request. Commiters that want to check the status of their current branch should use normal git status commands.

pull-request branch upstream

Fetch the upstream remote to make sure it’s up-to-date, create and push a date based tag for the branch, generate a pull request template with the specified upstream, and finally start $DIM_MUA with the template with subject and recipients already set.

Since the tag for the branch is date based, the pull request can be regenerated with the same commands if something goes wrong.

The tag will be signed using the key specified by $DIM_GPG_KEYID, if set.

pull-request-fixes [upstream]

pull-request shorthand for drm-intel-fixes as the branch and origin/master as the default upstream.

pull-request-next-fixes [upstream]

pull-request shorthand for drm-intel-next-fixes as the branch and $DRM_UPSTREAM/drm-next as the default upstream.

pull-request-next [upstream]

pull-request shorthand for drm-intel-next as the branch and $DRM_UPSTREAM/drm-next as the default upstream.

apply-pull branch

Reads a pull request mail from stdin and merges it into the given branch.

backmerge branch upstream

Backmerges upstream into branch, making a few sanity checks on the way. The upstream we backmerge should be the same as used for sending out pull requests using pull-request. Alternatively it can also be a tag, which if available should be preferred.

rebase branch upstream

Rebases branch onto upstream, making a few sanity checks on the way. The upstream we rebase onto should be the same as used for sending out pull requests using pull-request. Alternatively it can also be a tag, which if available should be preferred.

tag-branch branch [upstream]

Pushes a new tag for the specified branch after checking that the remote is up-to-date.

The tag will be signed using the key specified by $DIM_GPG_KEYID, if set.

If upstream is provided, launch gitk to show the changes to be tagged.



List all aliases for the subcommand names. Useful for autocompletion scripts.

See $dim_alias_<alias> under ENVIRONMENT below on how to define aliases.


List all branches (main and topic) managed by dim. Useful for autocompletion scripts.


List all subcommand names, including aliases. Useful for autocompletion scripts.


List of all upstreams commonly used for pull requests. Useful for autocompletion scripts.


Try to check if you’re running an up-to-date version of dim.


Show this help. Install rst2man(1) for best results.


Short form usage help listing all subcommands. Run by default or if an unknown subcommand was passed on the cmdline.


Extending dim functionalities

It is possible to create your own dim helper and aliases by adding them to $HOME/.dimrc:

        echo "Hello world!"




Path to the dim configuration file, $HOME/.dimrc by default, which is sourced if it exists. It can be used to set other environment variables to control dim.


Path prefix for kernel repositories.


The main linux kernel repository under $DIM_PREFIX.


Mail user agent. Must support the following subset of mutt(1) command line options: $DIM_MUA [-s subject] [-i file] [-c cc-addr] to-addr […]

This is only needed for sending out pull requests.


Additional options to pass to make(1). Defaults to “-j20”.


Path to a file containing a greeting template for pull request mails.


Path to a file containing a signature template for pull request mails.


GPG key ID to use for signing tags. If set, tags will be signed. If unset, the default, tags will not be signed.


Make <alias> an alias for the subcommand defined as the value. For example, dim_alias_ub=update-branches. There are some built-in aliases. Aliases can be listed using the list-aliases subcommand.

The alias functionality requires bash(1) version 4.3 or later to work.


Cross-subsystem topic branches

So you want to send a pull request to another subsystem? First, you don’t want, it’s much simpler to get Acks for merging through a single tree and then maybe later on backmerge. But if it cannot be avoided, read on.

Maintainers will likely get cranky if you ask them to pull a swath of unrelated drm patches, so we’ll use a topic branch based upon Linus’ tree with only the relevant patches.

First select a suitable baseline for your topic branch. For topic branches shared within the gpu/drm subsystem, base it on the latest drm-next branch. For anything else, base it on the latest -rc tag from Upstream (not just any random position). In very rare cases you might need to apply topic branch pull requests from other maintainers before you can apply patches to construct a suitable baseline first.

Next, create the topic branch using dim. Use whichever dim remote is most applicable, and name the branch in a manner that describes the set of patches you want pulled. The upstream will be Linus’ tree.

$ dim create-branch dim-remote/topic/topic-branch baseline

Once the branch is created, you can apply the patches to be pulled.

$ dim apply-branch topic/topic-branch

Test your new topic branch and push it.

$ dim push-branch topic/topic-branch

Ensure that your topic branch was merged into drm-tip. The drm-tip tree is located in $DIM_PREFIX/drm-tip, test it to ensure the new topic branch didn’t break anything.

Once you’re satisfied that nothing is broken, create the pull request.

$ dim pull-request topic/topic-branch baseline

You’ll be prompted to enter a tag description and your mail user agent will open with the pull request email. Change names and emails as appropriate to reflect who the sender and recipient of the pull is, and send it.

Once the pull has been acked by your maintainer counterpart, you can pull it into the appropriate local dim branch.

$ dim apply-pull dim-branch

Perform a final test, and push dim-branch to dim-remote.

$ dim push-branch dim-branch

You can now remove the topic branch, as it is no longer useful (you could remove it any time after the pull request, since it creates a tag, but this is as good a place as any).

$ dim remove-branch topic/topic-branch